Video about First and Second Conditional

Grammar by Bloglish: First and Second Conditional

The First and Second Conditionals are used to express a hypothetical situation.

We don’t know what is going to happen, so we make a guess.

The First Conditional talks about a likely or possible outcome that occurs if a condition is met.

If I STUDY for the test (condition) I WILL GET a good grade (outcome)
If it doesn’t RAIN (condition), we WILL GO to the beach (outcome).

Note: In the ‘if clause’ – use present simple


If I GO, I WILL ENJOY the party.

If he ISN’T feeling well, we WON’T GO to the game.

If she SINGS, she WILL WIN the contest.


Note: In the main clause, use WILL + the BASE FORM of the verb.


If they COME, there WILL BE 10 of us at dinner.

If we WORK together, we WILL FINISH faster.

If she GETS her driver’s license, she WILL BUY a car.


Note: you can also reverse the order of the sentence

He WILL BE late for work (outcome) if he STAYS for another drink (condition)

They WILL STAY at home (outcome) if it’S too cold outside (conditional).

Now let’s take a look at the Second Conditional

The Second Conditional talks about an unlikely or impossible outcome that wouldn’t happen in most cases (unless a very specific condition were met)

If I WERE the boss (condition), I WOULD GIVE everyone a raise (outcome).

If we HAD WINGS (condition), We WOULD TRAVEL more often (outcome).

Note: In the ‘if clause’ – use PAST SIMPLE

Always use WERE for the verb ‘to be’ in conditionals

If I WON the lottery, I WOULD BUY a home.

If he WERE taller, he WOULD REACH the book.

If they could SKI, they WOULD BUY season tickets.

Note: In the main clause, use WOULD + the BASE FORM of the verb.


If they HAD a pool, they WOULD SWIM every day.

If I ATE more veggies, I WOULD BE healthier.

If she LOST her keys, she WOULD BE locked out.

Note: You can also use COULD + the BASE FORM of the verb to show possibility.


If they HAD a pool, they COULD SWIM every day.

If I ATE more veggies, I COULD BE healthier.

If she LOST her keys, she COULD BE locked out.

Note: you can also reverse the order of the sentence

We COULD PLAY all day (outcome) if we WERE children (condition).
I WOULD BE happier (outcome) if I LIVED by the sea (condition).

Remember! If you PRACTICE English a bit every day, you WILL IMPROVE and if you SUBSCRIBE to Bloglish, you WILL ENJOY yourself while you learn.

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