Cómo usar “USED TO”, “BE USED TO” y “GETTING USED TO” en inglés en menos de 5 minutos

Si quieres aprender a usar “Used To”, “Be used to” y “Getting used to” en inglés has llegado al post correcto.

Used to

Used To” se usa para hablar de acciones que solías hacer en el pasado, pero que ya no haces ahora. 

Ejemplo#1:

  • What did you USE TO do when you were younger?
    • I USED TO run when I was a kid, but now I prefer to do yoga

Ejemplo#2:

  • I USED TO run my bike every day, 
    • now I run every day.

También se puede usar “USED TO” para hablar sobre hechos que eran ciertos en el pasado, en especial si ya no son ciertos.

Ejemplo#3:

  • People USED TO buy food from the local shops in their neighborhood.
  • There didn’t USE TO be cell phones when I was young.

APUNTA

Se usa “USED TO” + INFINITIVO

  • I USED TO SWIM every day.
  • I USED TO PLAY basketball when I was younger.

Utiliza “USE TO” + INFINITIVO cuando es una NEGATIVA O una PREGUNTA

  • The car DIDN’T USE TO belong to us.
  • DID you  USE TO LIVE here?

Be used to

¡CUIDADO

No confundas “USED TO” con “BE USED TO

To BE USED TO doing something”, significa que estás acostumbrado a hacer algo o que estás acostumbrado a alguien.

Mira estos ejemplos:

  • I WAS USED TO working on a computer (porque lo he hecho todos los dias en el pasado pero ya no lo hago)
  • She’s USED TO stretching every morning (porque lo hace todos los dias)

APUNTA TAMBIÉN

Utiliza el verbo TO BE + USED TO + VERBO + “ING”, mira abajo cómo:

  • They AREN’T USED TO WORKING late.
  • He ISN’T USED TO LIVING in their city.

Get used to

Se utiliza “GET USED TO” something/someone para decir que te estás acostumbrando a algo o a alguien.

Esta expresión se puede utilizar con distintos tiempos verbales.

Ejemplos de “GET USED TO”:

  • I never took the bus before, but I GOT USED TO taking it after a month.
  • I can’t GET USED TO working on this tablet. It is too small.
  • A: How’s your new job
  • B: I hate the smell of fish, but I’M GETTING USED TO it now.

APUNTA LOS TIEMPOS VERBALES 

PRESENT CONTINUOUS:

AM GETTING USED TO + VERB + ING

PAST SIMPLE: 

GOT USED TO * VERB + ING

FUTURE:

WILL GET USED TO + VERB + ING

B2 C1 C2 Expressions Sessions about food

B2 C1 C2 expressions about food

If you are studying for your B2 C1 or C2 level or are simply an English language learner, you know there are tons of expressions to learn. Here we offer you some B2 C1 C2 expressions about food. Let’s face it, expressions about food are the best sort of expressions!

A piece of cake

  • Everyone likes cake. It’s easy to like cake. So, if something is a piece of cake, it means that it is easy to do. It comes from the same meaning of ‘easy as pie’ referring to how easy it is to eat a sweat dessert.
    • Click here to learn how to make carrot cake! It’s as easy as pie.
    • Learning English is a piece of cake with Bloglish!

Spill the beans

  • If you spill the beans, you have said something you shouldn’t have. This is usually when there is a surprise party and you accidently mention it in front of the person whose party it is or if you intentionally tell a secret that someone asked you not to tell.
    • Henry spilled the beans to my mom and now I am grounded for two days.

Go bananas

  • Go bananas or ‘Go ape’ (a less commonly used expression) refer to someone acting in a wild or crazy way. So, it comes from the idea of monkeys (or apes) jumping or swinging around and eating bananas. Sometimes it is difficult to know if the expression means someone is very happy or over-reacting to a situation. It depends on the tone of voice used to say the expression. 
    • They bought a new house and they are just going bananas about it.

There’s no use crying over spilled milk

  • This probably depends on what your parents were like when you were a child. If they yelled at you when you spilled milk, then this expression doesn’t work. The idea is that kids knock over their milk quite often due to being clumsy and since crying won’t bring the milk back, they should just clean it up and get another one. Parents literally would say, there’s no use crying over spilled milk. However, you can apply this to any situation where someone is upset about a past mistake or situation to tell them, it can’t be changed so they just need to accept the consequence and move on.  
    • You lost your keys. There’s no use crying over spilled milk. Get them replaced and move on.

Take it with a grain of salt

  • If someone tells you to take it with a grain of salt, it is a small warning that maybe it’s not 100% true what they are telling you or what they heard. This could be for a number of reasons:
    • They don’t have all the information,
    • Someone is giving you their opinion, not facts,
    • He or she does not think they got it from a reliable source, or
    • maybe they don’t remember all the details.
    • Kelly told me that she is going to make the team, but take it with a grain of salt (because Kelly sometimes lies or exaggerated the truth).

Bring home the bacon

  • This is one of my favorites, simply because it says bacon. Mmm. To bring home the bacon means that you earn money and therefore your house (or home) has money to buy such things as food (bacon). It used to be used mainly in a sexist way, saying women work at home and men bring home the bacon, but this has changed and is now used for anyone who is earning a wage.
    • I got a new job! I’ll finally be able to bring home the bacon.

Butter someone up

  • If you are buttering someone up, it means you are flattering them or saying nice things to them because you need something in return from them. You may tell your teacher she is your favorite teacher before telling her you didn’t do your homework. You may offer to help your boss as much as possible saying you enjoy working for him or her so you can later ask for a raise. Maybe you tell your dad how wonderful his cooking is before asking permission to go to a concert. Either way, you are buttering someone up so they are more likely to give you what you want. Naturally, everything is better with butter.
    • Are you buttering me up? What do you want?

That’s the way the cookie crumbles

  • If you eat a good cookie, it should crumble a bit because that’s just what happens when you eat a cookie. This is a metaphor for life, sometimes things just happen and there’s not much we can do about it. Sometimes things will go in your favor and other times they won’t. Your team played the best they could but they lost the game. You had a great interview but they gave the job to someone else. You like a boy but he likes your best friend. That’s just the way the cookie crumbles sometimes and there’s not much we can do about it.
  • I’m really sorry to hear that you didn’t make the team. That’s just the way the way the cookie crumbles sometimes.

Now that you’ve learned these B2 C1 C2 Expressions about food, learn more from other Expressions Sessions

off the cuff Episode 11

A learning English podcast: off the cuff

In this month’s episode of #offthecuff we talk about experiences from #Vitoria #Madrid #Mexico where we thought people should have spoken up about what they saw instead of just being a #bystander. This July 2021 episode is full of vocabulary so check it with subtitles.

Vocabulary and Phrases from the first 3 minutes

  • Cat fight – an intense argument or physical fight usually between two women.
    • Yesterday two young girls for into a cat fight right in front of my house and I tried to stop them.
  • Shame on you – used to tell someone that they should be ashamed (embarrassed) of their behavior.
    • Shame on you for not helping that older woman with her groceries when her bad broke.
  • Two steps forward one leap back – used to express that we are evolving by moving forward in society but then we go backward and seem to lose some things that we have learned.
    • I feel like I took two giant steps forward with my English but then COVID hit and not I have taken a leap back.
  • Build up – a gradual increase of something
    • I haven’t told her how I feel yet, so my anger seems to just be building up and I am worried I may explode.
  • Excuse – A reason you give to explain why you have done something wrong.
    • They decided to fire him because he kept giving them one excuse after another and were fed up.
  • Peer pressure – a strong influence of a group of people who are similar to you in age or social circle, who want everyone to act as they do.
    • There is too much peer pressure on young girls to have the same hair style, clothes and body that many of them end up having some real problems with self-esteem.
  • Bullying – the behavior of a person who hurts or frightens someone smaller or less powerful, often making them do something they do not want to do.
    • Bullying has always been a problem but today kids also have to deal with online bullying which adds even more pressure.
  • Bully – the person who does the bullying
    • In many cases, the kids who are the bullies often come from unstable situations at home.

Vocabulary and phrases from the minute 3 – 5

  • To stand up to someone – to deal with someone in an effective manner.
    • They are trying to teach young kids to stand up to bullies.
  • Lynching – the act of killing someone without a legal trial, usually by hanging them. In the context of the podcast. Clare was using this expression to say that people publicly attack people for no reason.
    • They gave him a real lynching even though they weren’t sure he was the one who committed the crime.
  • Clip on the ear – a quick hit on the side of one’s head.
    • In the past, it was quite normal for a parent to give their children a clip on the ear. Today it is not so common.
  • Instilling values –to put a value or principle gradually into someone’s mind, so that it has a strong influence on the way that person thinks or behaves.
    • We try to instill values such as community and bonds between people in our children instead of technology.
  • Name and shame – a phrase used to say that someone should be called out for what they are doing and shamed for their bad behavior.
    • I saw someone stealing a wallet so I said in a loud voice, ‘That man is stealing your wallet’ . That way we could name and shame for doing it.

Vocabulary and phrases from minute 5 – the end

  • Bystanders/Onlookers – someone who is standing by watching something take place but does not take part in it.
    • As the police began to hit the man on the ground the bystanders just watched or took videos.
    • There were many onlookers for the street performers, but in the end no one gave them any money.
  • Calling someone out – when someone says out loud that someone is doing something wrong.
    • Janet and her boyfriend were fighting and she called him out about every lie he ever told her.
  • One bad apple spoils the bunch – people use this to refer to a situation where they believe one person’s negative demeanor or bad behavior can affect a whole group of people, influencing them to have a similar negative attitude or to engage in the same bad behavior.
    • Everything was fine until Jimmy came and then everyone was running around screaming. Well, you know what they say, one bad apple spoils the bunch.  
  • Down with …! – something you say, write or shout to show your opposition to someone or something.
    • Jenny always used to say ‘Down with love!’ but now she’s about to be married and is as happy as ever.
  • Feeble – weak, without energy, strength or power
    • I think the opposition party needs a stronger response to the new amendment than the feeble one they gave last night. 

Transcript

vocab rehab - interior del coche

Vocabulario interior del coche

En el post anterior te explicamos todos las partes del exterior del coche, pero el vocabulario del interior del coche tambien puede resultar necesario. Alquilar un coche para viajar este verano no puede ser más fácil.

Conduciendo en un pais que no es el tuyo

Recuerdo  la primera clase de conducir que tomé en España. Había vivido ya más de 10 años en países de habla hispana, pero no sabía ni cómo llamar al volante. ¿Cómo puede explicarse que no sabía los nombres de las diferentes partes en el interior del coche? Tenía una licencia de conducir desde los 16 años pero en este tema mi español estaba en blanco.

Muchas veces no aprendemos el vocabulario necesario hasta que lo tenemos que utilizar. Y ese fue mi caso. Así que hice un esfuerzo para explicarle al profesor de la auto-escuela la función de cada cosa dentro del coche para mostrarle que si hablaba Castellano, solo que no sabía los nombres de esas cosas.

Así que, no quiero que te pase lo mismo. Aquí tienes todo el vocabulario necesario para hablar con cualquiera sobre las partes del interior del coche.

Vocabulario para interior del coche con traducciones y ejemplos

  • Steering Wheel – volante  
    • Don’t grab the steering wheel while I’m driving! That’s very dangerous.
  • Claxon (UK) / Horn (US) – bocina
    • I really don’t like when people use their claxon for everything. Sometimes it is not necessary.
  • Storage compartment (UK) / Glove compartment (US) – guantera
    • I usually leave my wallet in the glove compartment when I go hiking because I don’t think I’ll need it.
  • Door handle – manilla
    • Careful with the door handle. I think one of the screws are loose and it may come off.
  • Stick shift – palanca de cambios
  • Gas pedal – acelerador   
    • There’s an expression that goes ‘put the pedal to the medal’. It means that you should step on the gas pedal so hard that it hits the metal of the car and you go as fast as you can.
  • Brake pedal – pedal de freno
    • In the beginning I found it difficult to use my right foot for the brake pedal since I was always used to using my left.
  • Clutch – embrague
    • I found that the hardest part about learning to drive was using the clutch to start the car.
  • Air bag – airbag
    • Most cars today have air bags for both the driver and the passenger as well as for the back seat passengers.
  • Vent – conducto
    • We had the air conditioning on high but nothing was coming out. It was because we had the vents closed!
  • Indicator (UK) / Turn signal (US) – indicador
    • In the US we always put our turn signal on before looking to see if I can get over, but in Spain you need to make sure you can get over and then put your turn signal on. This can causes a lot of confusion and angry drivers.

¡Buen viaje!

Off the cuff, Episode 10: a Carp load of football

Learn English Podcast : Off the Cuff : A crap load of football

In Episode 10 of off the cuff Clare and Annie talk about #Ronaldo #UEFA #football #CocaCola and the topic of influencers. How much influence should they really have on us and on things like #LGBTQ rights? Find vocabulary and transcripts below.

Vocabulary from Episode 10

  • What’s on the menu today – this is a fun way of asking what the topic of the show is today. You can use it in any situation where there is a planned schedule, although it may not always be appropriate for work settings. In the example below, we want to know what the activities for the day are.
    • I know you’ve been planning this trip for months, so what’s on the menu today?
  • Obscure – not known by many people. In this case, Annie is being sarcastic, since football is well-known all over the world, particularly in Spain, where they currently reside.
    • I forgot the name of the island they are visiting. It’s some obscure place off the coast.
  • To be glued to your television – If someone is glued to their television, it means that they are very attentive to what is happening on TV.
    • I don’t watch much TV, but when the Olympics are on, I am just glued to the TV.
  • Crap load – this is a way to express a large quantity of something but in a way that shows your disapproval of the amount.
    • Those kids have a crap load of toys and yet they’re always bored.
  • 31 million – 31,000,000
    • I do not make 31 million euros a year.
  • to get/take a hit from something – this is used to say that you will be negatively impacted by what happened.
    • The economy took a huge hit from COVID.
  • to be down something, usually money – having less than you expected or usually have.
    • I lost a bet and now I’m down 100 euros.
  • to get wind of a something – to find out about something, especially a secret.
    • I don’t want my boss to get wind of my new job.
  • LGBTQ – Acronym used for referring to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Queer people.
    • Pride month is celebrated in order to acknowledge and support the LGBTQ community.
  • Paedophiles – people who are sexually attracted to pre-pubescent children.
    • There is a controversial online website where you can see if there is a registered paedophile living near your home.
  • God forbid – This expression is usually used to show sarcasm as Clare is doing here in the podcast. We usually use this expression to show that we think the other person is overreacting or wrong.
    • God forbid I come into work 2 minutes late because I was stuck in traffic!
  • UEFA – acronym for Union of European Football Association.
    • UEFA decided not to punish the German player who showed his support for the LGBTQ community.
  • get down on two knees – here Clare is referencing the players who supported Black Lives Matter by kneeling down on one knee. Since players may not be able to wear any kind of arm bands for Gay Pride, getting down on two knees could be an alternative. She is showing irony that one thing is ok, but not the other.

To find out more about the topics discussed today, you can find them at the following links:
NYT: Munich Wanted to Light Its Stadium in a Pride Rainbow. European Soccer Said No.
The Guardian: Hungary passes law banning LGBT content in schools or kids’ TV
Business Standard: Footballer Cristiano Ronaldo knocks off $4 billion from Coca-Cola’s value

Transcript of episode 10

Clare: Hi, Annie.
Annie: Hi, Clare. How are you?
Clare: Good, good.
Annie: Happy Pride Month.
Clare: Happy Pride Month. Yes. So what’s on the menu today? What are we going to talk about?
Annie: Anything but Coca Cola?
Clare: Why do you think it might influence people? Okay, Let’s talk about football. That doesn’t have any influence on people.
Annie: No, no. Football. Football’s, like this obscure thing that happens.
Clare: You mean you haven’t been glued to your television? You haven’t had two PCRs a day just to make sure that you can go to watch all these football matches and be there.
Annie: I mean, you know, I don’t even know if my television has football, and I’m okay with that.
Clare: Okay, so let’s take it back to football again. Okay?
Annie: Let’s talk about football. Okay.
Clare: Let’s talk about. Let’s talk about football and Coca Cola. Why would we talk about football and Coca Cola and influence? Because we’re talking about influence.
Annie: Yeah, Okay, so I don’t watch football as, as I just mentioned, but I do know what’s happening around the game of football.
Clare: Okay.
Annie: All right. So let me explain. There is this football player who makes what we would say a crap load of money, right?
Clare: And, does he play for Alaves?
Annie: No, no, he doesn’t. His name is Ronaldo. I think you might have heard of him, because even though I don’t know anything about football, I do know that there’s this man named Ronaldo who makes, like, 31 million a year and he was sitting down for a press conference with a can of Coca Cola in front of him or a bottle of Coca Cola, and he decided to move it and tell his audience to drink more water.
Clare: Okay, so that was his influence over his followers or whatever. What exactly did that influence do?
Annie: Well, there’s more to this story, right? So, not only does this man who makes crap loads of money tell everyone not to drink Coca Cola, but to drink more water, but then it has a 5 billion impact on Coca Cola.
Clare: Are you serious?
Annie: I am totally serious, Clare.
Clare: But surely those… Coca Cola  are his boss? No? because the sponsors are the people who pay this 31 million to all these players.
Annie: Surely. I mean, part of the money.
Clare: Were his friends annoyed? Were his fellow players annoyed? Were Coca Cola annoyed or just everybody’s just a… Who’s the bigger influencer here? Coca Cola? Ronaldo? It’s a bit…
Annie: Well, I’m sure his team. I don’t know enough about football or this story other than that, but I’m sure his team gets a hit from that. Or maybe if the Coca Cola decides not to sponsor them, I’m sure that would affect their whole team.
Clare: He might be down a few billion himself.
Annie: Yeah, exactly. Exactly. Well, I would kind of hope, I have to admit, because I think that the fact that he makes 31 million a year is a bit too much. But anyway, it’s interesting, the influence this man has and football.
Clare: Let’s go back to football again.
Annie: Okay. Okay, fine.
Clare: Because, you know, it’s important, influential. it’s happening this month like, Yeah. So as I said, I wasn’t watching matches either like. But again, the world around football, I do get wind of a few things. June, as you know, is LGBTQ month. And there was a match in between Germany and Hungary. And at the same time, the Prime Minister, a law has been or a decree has been passed where they’re not allowed to depict or promote homosexuality or anything homosexual onto under 18s. And as part of a law against paedophiles, you know you can connected.
Annie: What ?
Clare: Now, you cannot connect the two? Right?
Annie: I cannot connect the two. Wait, what?
Clare: In Hungry, it’s believed. And this is kind of the law, like, because of this, is that if two people meet, especially for the same sex, it’s not healthy.
Annie: Okay.
Clare: So they meet, you know, God forbid they fall in love.
Annie: Okay.
Clare: Set up a house and they might even adopt children.
Annie: Right. Right.
Clare: Okay. No. Because what they really are are Paedophiles.
Annie: Oh Clare.
Clare: That’s why I know. It’s just sad. Real. Anyway, back into football, it’s come.
Annie: No, I can’t even joke about that topic because it’s not funny.
Clare: It’s not funny.
Annie: It’s not.
Clare: So Let’s go back to football.
Annie: Okay. So go back to football because I prefer to talk about football than that conversation.
Clare: I know, but football influences things you see. So there was a match between Germany and Hungry around the same time with this crazy decree or whatever was passed. And the match was in Munich.
Annie: Right.
Clare: And they wanted to, like, they’ve done in another Stadium. I think they wanted to paint it pink or light it up pink.
Annie: Okay.
Clare: And UEFA said no, because it was kind of a political statement. Again, don’t hold me to that statement. But something along those lines…
Annie: yeah.
Clare: Because it was too political. Then there was a German goalkeeper, I think, who had a band on his arm again with the LBGTQ support or whatever. And they’re going to decide now whether that is too politically, yeah. So what do you do? Do you get down on two knees?
Annie: Well that’s interesting.
Clare: A knee for this, a knee for that
Annie: Yeah Exactly. We’re going to have to start doing, like, hand gestures.
Clare: It, it’s sad. It’s sad. It’s not funny. But it’s a sad reality no? And again. What are we talking about? We’re talking about football.

Expressions sessions Place

7 expressions para el C1

Use of English

  • Have no place in – used to say that someone or something does not belong in a particular area, town, country, body, etc.
    • Racism has no place in politics.
  • A place of my own – to have an apartment or house that is yours.
    • If our son doesn’t want to live with us anymore, he will have to buy a place of his own.
  • No place for – used to say that someone or something does not belong in a particular place or situation.
    • This party is no place for small children.
  • A place in history – to be relevant in a historical sense.
    • Martin Luther King has made a place in history as one of the most famous human rights activist.
  • Have your heart in the right place – used to say that someone has good intentions.
    • She doesn’t always make the best decisions, but her heart is in the right place.
  • go in my place – to have someone physically be in your situation.
    • I have to work tonight so I was wondering if you would like to go in my place to the concert.
  • in the first place – in the beginning
    • I should never have agreed to go to the party in the first place.

off the cuff: episode 9

off the cuff: Episode 9 – MAY we talk about education?

  • to come from the perspective – to have a point of view
    • She comes from the perspective that the world is changing and so must we.
  • old habits die hard – an expression to say that it is very difficult to break habits.
    • He has been trying to quit smoking for years, but as they say, old habits die hard.
  • in a heartbeat – to do something as fast as the time it takes for your heart to beat.
    • Children learn languages in a heartbeat when they are taught in a fun and dynamic way.
  • to be zooming – the very of zoom (the popular program used for video conferencing)
    • I can’t talk to Sara right now because she is zooming with her class.
  • to google – to look something up on google.
    • I didn’t have the address so I googled it.
  • to be worth something – to not be important or interesting enough to receive a particular action.
    • I don’t think it’s worth talking to him about what happened because he is very angry.
  • antiquated language – old-fashioned or unsuitable language for modern society.
    • Many teachers teach antiquated language that is not very useful in the real world.
  • How’s it goin’? – an informal way to say hello to someone.
    • Hey Mark. It’s nice to see you. How’s it goin’?
  • Wa’s up? – an informal way to ask someone how they are doing. Short for “what is up”?
    • Hey man, wa’s up?
    • Nothing, wa’s up with you?
  • to grow as a person – to mature and learn from experience.
    • Learning a language helps you grow as a person because you learn to listen.
  • hence – the reason or explanation for something.
    • We needed a name that was easy to say in Spanish and English, hence we chose Lucia.
  • to change the chip – to change one idea or way of thinking for a different one.
    • We need to change the chip on how we learn languages.
  • mere – used to emphasize how strongly someone feels about something or how extreme a situation is.
  • The mere fact that you asked me that question means you were listening to me at all!
  • hot-desking – a way of saving office space in which workers do not have their own desk and are only given a desk when they need it.
    • By hot-desking we are able to save a lot of money on rent space.
  • a shift – when something moves or changes from one position or direction to another
    • There needs to be a shift in the way we think about learning and education.
  • something doesn’t sit right – when something feels uncomfortable or incorrect.
    • There is something about this situation that doesn’t sit right with me.
  • to be open to criticism – able and willing to accept negative feedback about yourself or your work without reacting overly emotionally.
    • Please let us know what you think about the podcast. We are open to criticism.
  • utility – the usefulness of something, especially in a practical way.
    • We are discussing the utility of learning such things as names of rivers or specific dates now that information is readily available on the internet.
off the cuff episode 8: spring has sprung

off the cuff: Episode 8: Spring has sprung

The spring has come
The flowers’s ris
I wonder where the birdies is
The people say they’re on the wing
But that’s absurd
I always thought the wing was always on the bird.

VOCABULARY

  • On the wing – migrating
  • Sesame StreetBarrio Sesamo
  • Calving  – referring to spring time when cows give birth to
  • Lambing  –  the time in spring when sheep give birth to lambs calves.
  • Kooky – Strange
  • To set on fire – to cause something or someone to start burning
  • Fatalities –  a death caused by accident or on purpose
  • Sechseläuten (Switzerland Spring festival)  – a Swiss spring festival where they burn a stuffed snowman to highlight the beginning of spring. Learn more here: https://www.zuerich.com/en/visit/sechselaeuten
  • Hollowed out – to make an empty apace inside something
  • Polish decorative eggshttps://lamusdworski.wordpress.com/2016/03/13/pisanki/
  • Mass – a religious ceremony that often takes place in a church.
  • The Stations of the Cross – a series of 14 pictures showing the last days of the life of Jesus Christ which are put up on the walls inside many Roman Catholic Churches. To do the Stations of the Cross, the story about the 14 pictures was told during a mass.
  • Good Friday –  The Friday before Easter Sunday
  • Black Friday – In Ireland, people would call Good Friday, ‘Black Friday’ since they were not allowed to drink and bars were closed.  
  • Nonsensical  –  an action or behavior that is not logical 
  • Take precedent over – to be more important than something else
  • Economically sound – to not waste money, to be economically good for someone or something
  • To have a black cloud over your head – an idiom to express irritation, disturbance or feelings of misfortune
  • Guilt – a feeling of worry or unhappiness that you have because you have done something wrong
  • Easter lily – a flower (cala in Spanish) that was worn on Easter day to commemorate those that died during the 1916 uprising in Ireland. Learn more here:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_Lily_(badge)
  • Stickies – people who wore stickers (pegatinas) to represent themselves as part of the Sinn Féin political party. Learn more here https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_Lily_(badge)#%22Stickies%22_versus_%22Pinheads%22
  • Sinn Féin – In Irish, Sinn Féin means ‘We Ourselves’ or ‘Ourselves Alone’. They are a left wing political party in Northern Ireland and in the Republic of Ireland who strive to end the political partition of the island of Ireland. Learn more here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinn_F%C3%A9in#:~:text=Sinn%20F%C3%A9in%20(%2F%CA%83%C9%AAn,of%20Ireland%20and%20Northern%20Ireland.
  • In favor of – in support of
  • Pin – a small thin piece of metal with a point at one end, especially used to hold something temporarily in place
  • 1916 uprising – Also known as the Easter Rising or Easter Rebellion – a six day battle where the Irish Republicans aimed to establish an independent Irish Republic against the British rule. Learn more here   https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Easter_Rising  
  • Politicized – to make something or someone political
  • Explicit – clear and exact
  • Cimburijada – Bosnian spring celebration – Bosnians in Zeneca share scrambled eggs by the river to celebrate new life. Learn more here: https://www.sarajevotimes.com/traditional-cimburijada-in-zenica-marked-the-first-day-of-spring/  
  • That wraps it up – to finish something successfully
Expression Sessions - Time

Expressions Sessions – Time

Expressions sessions - Time

The CAE, C1 exam is full of expressions. Here are just a few that are important, not just for the exam, but because we use them all the time!

  • play for time – delay something until you are ready
    • The actors aren’t ready yet. You’ll have to play for time with the audience for at least another 15 minutes.
  • take your time – spend the time you need to complete something OR – slow down.
    • Stop rushing! Take your time. We still have another hour before they arrive.
  • have a great time – Used to tell someone to enjoy themselves OR to express that you enjoyed yourself. It can also be used with other adjectives: bad time, good time, an ok time.
    • Have a great time at the wedding. I’m sure it will be fun!
    • We had such a good time going through the old photos.
  • do something to pass the time – To do something to keep busy while you are waiting.
    • How about we play a game to pass the time while we wait for the food to be ready?
  • make up for lost time – to enjoy something as much as possible now because you didn’t have the opportunity or didn’t want to do it before.
    • Every time I go to the US, I make up for lost time with my best friends and we talk for hours about everything that has happened since we last saw each other.
  • arrive in good time – finish a journey faster than expected.
    • Although there was some construction on the road, they made it in good time to the party.
  • be on time – to arrive somewhere at the exact time or earlier than the time that was arranged.
    • I have to leave now if I want to be on time for the theatre.
  • make time for something – to block off or organize some time to complete something or to be with someone.
    • She had a really busy morning but she made some time for us to have a coffee.
  • did something in no time – to do something in very little time or very quickly.
    • The shipment will be ready to go in no time.
    • The children finished their homework in no time and went to the patio to play.
  • did something time after time – to do the same thing over and over again, repeatedly.
    • I have to tell me children to pick up their wet towel off the floor time and time again.
  • time flies – used to say that the time spent doing something has gone by very quickly.
    • I can’t believe it’s already 7:30! It’s true that time flies when you’re having fun.
  • ran out of time – To have no more time to finish something or to get somewhere.
    • We are running out of time. The deadline for the tenner is this Friday.
off the cuff: a month of Tuesdays

off the cuff: A month of Tuesdays

This month on #offthecuff we explore the similarities that many religions do to prepare for their celebrations, such as fasting, but most importantly, we discover that February is really just a month of Tuesdays. Listen to find out what we mean and check the long list of vocabulary below.

  • Nippy – when the air is cold.
  • A different ballgame – an American phrase meaning that two things are very different from one another
  • If you say so – Here this expression is being used to say that since the speaker doesn’t know the answer, they trust what the other person has said.
  • Savory- Salty or spicy, but not sweet.
  • Pancake Tuesday – A holiday in Ireland that is the day before Ash Wednesday where people eat a lot of pancakes in preparation for their fast during Lent.
  • Ash Wednesday – A Roman Catholic holy day where palm ashes from the previous year are put on the forehead in a shape of a cross to mark the beginning of Lent.
  • Lent – a six week period leading up to Easter. This usually involves fasting and giving something up in preparation for Easter.
  • Shrove Tuesday – The name given to the day before Ash Wednesday by the Christian community which is usually used for prayer or confession.
  • To fast – to not eat a certain food for a period of time  
  • Judaism – The name of the religion of Jewish people
  • Cleansing – to clean yourself emotionally or rid yourself of something unpleasant.
  • Stuff yourself – to eat too much
  • To give up something – to stop doing something
  • Amnesty – a fixed period of time where you are not punished for doing something wrong.
  • Saint Patrick’s Day – A holiday to celebrate the life of Saint Partick (March 17th) who is Ireland’s Patron Saint who was thought to have brought Christianity to Ireland.
  • To be gypped – To be cheated, to get less than you paid for.
  • Dry January – A fast where people give up alcohol for the month of January.
  • Trendy – modern and with the latest fashions
  • Fad diets – a diet that is very famous for a short period of time.
  • To impose something on someone – to force someone to do something
  • Burnout – having no energy or enthusiasm because you have been working too hard or living in a stressful situation for a long time (in a pandemic, for example)

Video about First and Second Conditional

Grammar by Bloglish: First and Second Conditional

The First and Second Conditionals are used to express a hypothetical situation.

We don’t know what is going to happen, so we make a guess.

The First Conditional talks about a likely or possible outcome that occurs if a condition is met.

If I STUDY for the test (condition) I WILL GET a good grade (outcome)
If it doesn’t RAIN (condition), we WILL GO to the beach (outcome).

Note: In the ‘if clause’ – use present simple


If I GO, I WILL ENJOY the party.

If he ISN’T feeling well, we WON’T GO to the game.

If she SINGS, she WILL WIN the contest.


Note: In the main clause, use WILL + the BASE FORM of the verb.


If they COME, there WILL BE 10 of us at dinner.

If we WORK together, we WILL FINISH faster.

If she GETS her driver’s license, she WILL BUY a car.


Note: you can also reverse the order of the sentence

He WILL BE late for work (outcome) if he STAYS for another drink (condition)

They WILL STAY at home (outcome) if it’S too cold outside (conditional).

Now let’s take a look at the Second Conditional

The Second Conditional talks about an unlikely or impossible outcome that wouldn’t happen in most cases (unless a very specific condition were met)

If I WERE the boss (condition), I WOULD GIVE everyone a raise (outcome).

If we HAD WINGS (condition), We WOULD TRAVEL more often (outcome).

Note: In the ‘if clause’ – use PAST SIMPLE

Always use WERE for the verb ‘to be’ in conditionals

If I WON the lottery, I WOULD BUY a home.

If he WERE taller, he WOULD REACH the book.

If they could SKI, they WOULD BUY season tickets.

Note: In the main clause, use WOULD + the BASE FORM of the verb.


If they HAD a pool, they WOULD SWIM every day.

If I ATE more veggies, I WOULD BE healthier.

If she LOST her keys, she WOULD BE locked out.

Note: You can also use COULD + the BASE FORM of the verb to show possibility.


If they HAD a pool, they COULD SWIM every day.

If I ATE more veggies, I COULD BE healthier.

If she LOST her keys, she COULD BE locked out.

Note: you can also reverse the order of the sentence

We COULD PLAY all day (outcome) if we WERE children (condition).
I WOULD BE happier (outcome) if I LIVED by the sea (condition).

Remember! If you PRACTICE English a bit every day, you WILL IMPROVE and if you SUBSCRIBE to Bloglish, you WILL ENJOY yourself while you learn.

off the cuff with Clare and Annie

Off the cuff : an English Podcast with Clare and Annie

‘Off the cuff’ is a common expression meaning to improvise or to do something in an unprepared manner. The meaning comes from journalists or even actors who wrote down short notes on their cuffs (puños), later having to improvise on what they had written.

Episode 1: Locked up in Lockdown

Vocabulary

Locked up – to be in jail
Lockdown – a temporary situation imposed by the government where the population must stay at home and/or limit activities outside your home for public safety.
Face to Face – in person, commonly written as f2f
Roller-coaster – Montaña Rusa – in the context here, it’s used to say there have been a lot of emotional ‘ups and downs’
A state of shock – an upsetting feeling due to an unexpected situation
To climb the walls – to feel anxious or frustrated because you want to do something but can’t or because you have lots of energy but can’t do anything with that energy.
Up-skill – to acquire more advanced skills in a specific area   
Tele-working – working from home or from another location through the internet
Hybrid learning – learning using a mix of face to face and on-line classes
Hybrid working – working partially from home and in the office
The silver lining – comes from the expression ‘Every cloud has a silver lining’ meaning that there is always a positive side (the sun coming out behind the storm cloud) to every bad situation
To have teething problems – having problems when starting something new – comes from babies who have problems when their teeth come in
To be ‘techno’ – to be good with technology
Furlough – to temporarily lose your job (erte)
To let someone go – to fire them 
Quarentini – comes from quarantine and martini- refers to a mixed drink you have while on lockdown
To get locked – a colloquial Irish expression to say you have consumed too much alcohol ex: He got locked last weekend drinking too many quarentinies!

5-Minute Meditation You Can Do Anywhere

Para English Beginners, recomiendo que ves el vídeo primero con subtítulos.

I don’t know about you, but around 6 o’clock in the afternoon, I start to get a bit anxious while on this lockdown. I’ve decided that maybe doing some meditation would be good to get me through those rough hours of the day. There are lots more options on YouTube and if you are used to meditation, I recommend doing a longer version. Let’s stay healthy, physically and mentally. Click here to see the vídeo or watch it above.

an English Learning Podcast, episode 12

An English Learning Podcast, Episode 12

In this month of an English Learning Podcast, off the cuff, episode 12, Clare and Annie talk about the rat race. Find out what it is and listen to us discussing how to get off of it and if its ever too late to change your life.

Vocabulary Episode 12

A pause for thought

  • to stop and think about something carefully
    • The news about the volcano has given us all a pause for thought about what is important in our lives.

Dermot Bolger

  • Dermot Bolger is an Irish author. Find out more about him here.
  • The book Clare mentions in the podcast by this author is called An ark of light. Click here to read more about the book.

Gentry

  • People that make up the high social class. Learn more here.
    • The book explains the intimate life of the gentry at the beginning of Vitoria-Gasteiz

Nomadland

  • Learn more about Nomadland, the film that Annie mentioned in the podcast by clicking here.

Resilience

  • The strength to overcome adversity
  • Learn more here.
    • The best way to build resilience in children is to have at least one adult who loves them no matter what they do or say.

The rat race

  • a way of life in which people are running to compete with each other for wealth and or power without really getting anywhere.
  • Watch this animated short film by Steve Cutts which depicts the rat race by clicking here.
    • Sometimes I would like to quit this rat race and live a relaxing life in the countryside.

The bandwagon

  • To get involved in an activity that will be successful and receive the benefits.
    • All the actors are trying to get on the TV series bandwagon.

Uplifting

  • Something that makes you feel good. If a movie is uplifting, it usually gives some kind of positive message or happy ending.
    • In the movie Nomadland, although at times it was quite sad to see people’s struggles, it had a quite uplifting ending and message.

Ironic

  • In an ironic situation, the opposite of what you expect occurs.
    • It’s a bit ironic that she’s the one who got sick since she has gone to such long lengths to stay healthy.

aspirations

  • an aspiration is something that you hope to achieve or become
    • He aspires to be a surgeon some day.

the height of ones career

  • Height in this context means the highest point, so that the height of one’s career means they are at the apex or the highest place possible in the work life.
    • She is at the height of her career and at such a young age.
  • Remember career is English is a false friend. It does not mean what you are studying at school. It means your professional work.
    • I have had a long career teaching English.

resounding

  • Resounding can have two meanings. Firstly, it can mean loud. In the podcast, Annie used it to say something that is unmistakable, something she is very sure about.
    • The audience gave the singer a resounding applause.
    • The party was a resounding success.

astonishment

  • something that is astonishing is very surprising.
    • To my astonishment, the house was already completed just after one month.
    • Their accomplishments are astonishing.

to run rings around someone

  • this is an idiom that means someone does something way better than someone else.
    • Jim runs rings around his classmates in Math class.

Now that you have learned all the vocabulary from An English Podcast, Episode 12, have a listen to our previous podcasts and pick up on some more new vocabulary. Episode 11 Episode 10

Vocab Rehab: Collocations with money

Vocab Rehab – Collocations with money

Vocab Rehab: Collocations with money

#Collocations are words that go together in a certain language. All of the words above collocate with the word money. Let’s take a look at their meanings.

  • to fork out money – To unwillingly pay an amount of money.
    • Fork out some money for the drinks!
  • to sink money into – to spend or invest a large amount of money on something.
    • She sank all her money into that new car.
  • to extort money – to obtain money for force or threat
    • The gang has been found guilty of extorting money from the local shops.
  • to funnel money – to send money directly and intentionally to someone or some place.
    • The Managing Director funneled money from the business to his closest friends.
  • to hoard money – to collect large amounts of money and keep it for yourself.
    • It was quite common for WWII victims to hoard money at home since a lot of their money was taken from them unwillingly during the war.
  • to squander money – to waste a large amount of money
    • Betting on games is the quickest way to squander your money, especially if you do not know how it works.
  • to shell out money – to pay money for something, especially when it is unexpected or not wanted.
    • The government shelled out money for vaccines that can not be used.
  • to siphon off – to dishonestly take money from someone or something.
    • She lost her job when they found out she was siphoning money from the community resources.
  • to pay out money – to pay a lot of money to someone
    • The company was forced to pay out money to the client because they didn’t want to go to court.
  • to withdraw money – to take money out
    • I will withdraw the money from the cash machine later this afternoon so I have cash for the dinner.

off the cuff: episode 5

off the cuff: Merry Covid Christmas

In this fifth episode, we discuss what Covid Christmas is like and how immigrants often have to be away from their families. We also discuss what we want the new year to look like. Don’t forget to check out the vocabulary listed below and Enjoy!

  • Shadenfreude- pleasure derived by someone from someone else’s misfortune
  • Pleasure- enjoyment, happiness, satisfaction
  • Pain- a physical or emotional discomfort
  • I must admit- I have to say  
  • Taken aback- surprised  
  • Been there, done that- this is not new to me
  • Life goes on- life continues
  • Rearrange- to change the order, position or time of something already arranged.
  • To go down in history – to be recorded or remembered in history
  • D, all of the above- reference to multiple choice tests when you want all the options offered to you
  • Running after your tail – to be busy doing a lot of things and not accomplishing much
    Burnout – extreme tiredness or a feeling of not being able to work anymore, caused by working too hard
  • Have a laugh – have a good time